Don't fall for their manipulative games.

When you are on the receiving end of passive-aggressive behavior, it leaves you with that yucky feeling of having just been sucker punched. It leaves you shaking your head in disbelief.

It's like a nightmare where you try to run away, and all you ever find are cul-de-sacs with no escape. It's crazy-making. It's infuriating. And it requires help from a relationship expert, especially if you are on the receiving end.

Passive-aggressive behavior is covert — stealthy even.

You're really not sure when, or even if, you were hit, or when you might be again.

It causes you to question your words, your actions, and your motives as if something were always your fault.

Trying to confront passive-aggressive behavior in another person is often crazy-making, too. Their behavior is based in deep anger and resentment.

Unfortunately, the passive-aggressive person is often unaware of what they are doing, and when confronted, they will refuse to acknowledge either the behavior or its impact.

That person can even get quite upset that you would even think they were the problem, or even to have suggested that they are contributing to it.

Passive-aggressive people drive other rational folks around the bend.

They lack insight into their own behavior, and therefore often think they are the wronged or misunderstood part,y and that others' expectations of them are unreasonable.

What is passive-aggressive behavior?

Here's the actual psychological definition from the DSM-IV, the Diagnostic & Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders:

"A) A pervasive pattern of negativistic attitudes and passive resistance to demands for adequate performance, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by four (or more) of the following:

  • Passively resists fulfilling routine social and occupational tasks
  • Complains of being misunderstood and unappreciated by others
  • Is sullen and argumentative
  • Unreasonably criticizes and scorns authority
  • Expresses envy and resentment toward those apparently more fortunate
  • Voices exaggerated and persistent complaints of personal misfortune
  • Alternates between hostile defiance and contrition

    B) Does not occur exclusively during major depressive episodes and is not better accounted for by dysthymic disorder (a depressive mood disorder.)"

Passive-aggressive behavior is actually a personality disorder that is documented in psychological research.

You might recognize when you’re affected by someone’s passive-aggressive behavior by the feeling of insecurity it creates in you, or by the person’s seemingly intentional inefficiency.

They are late, forgetful, or punishing, all covert ways of trying to assert control over you or the situation.

Passive-aggressive people are fearful of competition, dependency and, yes, intimacy. You might recognize that as the "push me, pull me syndrome."

A passive-aggressive person can make chaos out of thin air, and they are secretly delighted in their ability to do so.

It feels like control to them, and that is what they long for. Because they cannot approach situations, feelings, relationships or communication directly, they do so indirectly.

That causes the chaos.

Oh yes, and of course they do it at work as well as at home. They make endless seemingly rational (that's the crazy-making part!) excuses for why they cannot, or did not, do things that were expected of them.

Because they have difficulty playing nicely with others, they tend to drag their feet in any work team project.

From not feeling well to not feeling included, from not having the information given to them to not knowing what was expected of them, passive-aggressive people have a reason for everything.

They believe these reasons and will actively work to disparage anyone who will not accept their reasons.

Not only are they obstructive, but they are also experts at procrastination. Of course, they always have a reason.

And, they love to play the victim. Passive-aggressive people will go to great lengths to avoid recognizing their own weaknesses, but love to blame others for their own failures. This is a hallmark of the passive-aggressive personality.

Passive-aggressive behavior is crazy-making!

But once you understand it, you can keep your sanity.

Once you learn how to respond to and recover from it, you will feel more competent and confident when it arises, too.